Foundational values

The response to HIV has been powerful and passionate! Principles and values that are foundational to our past, current and ongoing response include:

  1. Resilience,
  2. Greater Involvement and Meaningful Engagement of People Living with HIV/AIDS (GIPA/MEPA),
  3. Harm reduction,
  4. Social justice/Human rights,
  5. Integrated, person-centred prevention and engagement in care,
  6. Choice and self-determination,
  7. Privacy and confidentiality,
  8. Respect for diversity,
  9. Evidence, excellence and innovation.


Recent accomplishments

Individuals, AIDS Service Organizations, clinics, community partners and capacity building organizations all have unique, complementary and integrated roles in the Prevention, Engagement and Care cascade which frames the HIV response in Ontario.

We have made great strides in having critical data around HIV in Ontario to help us understand and respond strategically. Current highlights include:

  1. Between 2013 and 2017, the total number of new diagnoses increased by 17%. However, when ‘out-of-province’ diagnoses were removed, this increase was smaller and the number of diagnoses decreased from 2016 to 2017.
  2. The number of diagnoses is about 4 times higher for males compared to females. In 2017, there were 717 male diagnoses and 195 female diagnoses.
  3. Age at diagnosis is younger for males. In 2017, the most common age category at diagnosis was 25 to 29 for males (17.6%) and 35 to 39 for females (17.9%).
  4. The most common priority populations differ by sex. In 2017, the majority of male diagnoses were gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men while the majority of female diagnoses were African, Caribbean and Black. Priority population is known for approximately 65% of cases, and the categories are not mutually exclusive.
  5. Diagnoses are not distributed equally across the province. In 2017, there were 496 diagnoses in Toronto, followed by Central East (120), Central West (87), South West (86), Ottawa (77), Northern (21) and Eastern (19). Figure 5 displays these numbers in terms of population rates.


What does this mean for your organization?

We suggest you chat with your supervisor and/or colleagues and learn about the following:

  • What is the history of HIV and the HIV response in our community?
  • Who are the individuals, communities and community partners that we work closely with?
  • What does the Prevention, Engagement and Care cascade look like in our community?
  • If my role or my personal interest requires deeper knowledge in some of these areas, how would I gain that knowledge?
  • What does the epi look like in your local area?


Learn more

Essentials guide

Intro to Sector/Sector Primer


HIV 101 – Biomedical

HIV 101 – Harm Reduction and Social determinants focused


Confidentiality and Boundaries

Harm Reduction

Hep C


LGBT Health